Effect of Fe and C Contents on the Microstructure and High-Temperature Mechanical Properties of IN625 Alloy Processed by Laser Powder Bed Fusion
Kreitcberg, A.; Brailovski, V. (2022). Effect of Fe and C Contents on the Microstructure and High-Temperature Mechanical Properties of IN625 Alloy Processed by Laser Powder Bed Fusion. Materials 2022, 15(19), 6606.
Two alloys with different Fe and C contents were studied to assess the influence of their compositions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Ni-based Inconel 625 superalloy processed by laser powder bed fusion and subjected to stress relief annealing (870 °C) and a solution treatment (1120 °C). It was concluded that the alloy with a higher Fe content (~4 wt.% as compared to ~1 wt.%) manifests a greater propensity to segregate Nb and Mo elements during printing and form δ phase particles during the stress relief annealing. On the other hand, the alloy with a higher C content (~0.04 wt.% compared to ~0.02 wt.%) exhibits a greater tendency to form M6C carbides during the solution treatment. No effects of the Fe and C content variations on the room temperature mechanical properties were observed. On the contrary, an increase in the C content resulted in a 40% lower high-temperature (760 °C) ductility of the laser powder bed fused and post-processed IN625 alloy, without affecting its strength characteristics.